Morocco is a country with many faces. It is located on the African continent and bears traces of African history. On the other hand, the climate, the varied topography, the historical link with Andalusian Spain, combined with the desire to join the European Union, also give the country European features. In the distant past, Morocco belongs to the Berber natives. Arabs and Muslims who dominated it from the seventh century called it Maghreb el - aqsa: it was the westernmost country in the Muslim world. Today, Morocco has 28,750,000 inhabitants, almost 40% of whom are under 15 years of age. The population is distributed unevenly in the 710,850 square km of the country.
It is concentrated along the Atlantic coast, in the rif and in the high atlas mountains. Morocco can be compared to a tree with roots in Africa but with leaves exposed to the European area. With this metaphor King Hassan II (1929-1999) used to describe his country, a land tied to tradition, but attracted to the modern world. And this double and seemingly contradictory disposition to create the great cultural wealth of Morocco.